domenica 28 agosto 2011

Kama, the God of love

Kama on his parrot
The demon Taraka had become too powerful and threatening the gods and their power. He had to be eliminated, but thanks to a grant of Brahma Taraka could be killed only by a son of Shiva.
The great god, however, after the death of his wife Sati, was in perpetual meditation, had to be woken from his state to fall in love with Parvati and to generate with her a son who would save the gods.
Kama, the god of love, is then sent to distract Shiva from meditation. Kama just come on his parrot flowers bloom, the weather is mild, the air is full of perfume. Kama is in fact always accompanied by his wife Rati (Lust or Desire) and Vasant, the Lord of the spring. Shiva is in meditation, Kama takes his bow made of sugar cane and by the rope, made of bees, he strikes one of his five arrows each of them instead of the tip has a flower.Shiva from his meditation awakens and opens his third eye that incinerates Kama in one fell swoop.Rati, Kama's wife, desperate sprinkle the body with the ashes of her husband, and implored Shiva to bring him back to life.
The great god, moved, promises that Kama reborn as Pradyumna, son of Krishna and Rukmini.
Kama is the god of love. Many shadu have been distracted in their meditations and austerities by this god, often sent by Indra to distract the humans who just got too close to the deity.
He was born from himself or he is the son of Dharma and Shradda, in other traditions he is the son of the goddess Lakshmi. On his red banner is painted the fish Kamara and his Vahana is a parrot.
He i salso called Smara (Memory), Dipak (Inflammation), Manmatha (the one who disturbs the spirit), Ishma (the owner of arrows), Mada (Drunkenness), Shamantaka (Destroyer of peace).
Before being the mythological god of love, Kama is an important metaphysical concept that already appears in the Vedas. He is the desire, why the One became indistinct multiple (see post).
The beautiful hymn of the Rig Veda (X, 129) which tells the beginning of time reminds us as Kama, the desire was the seed of the original creation and in this sense he is Aja, that is not born, Ananyaja, Born from nobody, Atmabhu, the existing by itself. The Atharva Veda instead calls him 'Engine of creation' and 'First Born'.

Kama  (काम) in sanskrit means love, to love is kamayati (कामयति) and "I love you" is "tvam kamayami" (त्वां कामयामि).
Kama is also one of the four purusarthas, the goals that every man should pursue during his earthly life: dharma, or moral rectitude, artha, or material wealth, kama, that the satisfaction of desires and finally moksha, or liberation from samsara, the cycle of rebirth.

Nessun commento:

Posta un commento