|Kolam for Lingam|
|Rangoli for Onam|
They are called rangoli or kolam or in many other ways depending on the area of India (Kolam in Tamil Nadu; Mandana in Rajasthan; Alpana in West Bengal; Aripana in Bihar; Chowk Pujan in Uttar Pradhesh; Muggu in Andhra Pradhesh; Golam kolam or Kalam in Kerala; Chaookpurna in Chhattisgarh).
They are auspicious drawings used mainly in the south of India.
|Rangoli for Nandin|
They are generally made every morning by the women as if that activity was a kind of prayer or even a form of meditation, especially in the case of more elaborate rangoli which require more time to be realized.
There generic rangoli, others driving away bad luck, others purely ornamental, and then there are rangoli specific for a particular deity or a special feast.
They can be made with rice flour, but also chalk, sand or even flower petals as the one I photographed in Kerala during Onam Festival (photo top right).
In India sell pieces of bamboo canes properly drilled, within which is poured flour or sand. Rolling on the floor bamboo, flour coming out from the holes consists of beautiful rangoli.