domenica 27 febbraio 2011

The town with nine gates


The town with nine gates. In the Hindu tradition, man is often referred to as navadvare pure, the town of nine gates, or in other texts, ekadasavara pure, a town with eleven gates. This metaphor refers to the openings, the holes in the human body which is seen as a fortress inhabited by the Atman.
The nine doors are the two eyes, two nostrils, two ears, mouth, anus and genital organ. In addition – assumption of eleven gates - the navel and the sagittal suture in the skull join together and from which the Atman comes during the cremation of the corpse.
We find this metaphor in many sacred texts.
Already Atharva Veda (X, 2, 31) refers to this city in a hymn which reads: "The fort of God, impregnable, with eight circles and nine portals contains a golden treasure-chest, celestial, with begirt
Light. "
Another reference to the city (or fortress) this time of eleven gates is located in the Katha Upanishad (II 5, 1) which refers to it as "city belonging to the unborn Atman.”
Even in the Bhagavad Gita (5, 13) says, "having renunced all actions with the mind, the embodied Self sits easily, ruler In Its nine-gated city, acting neither cause nor action."
In the Bhagavad Purana there is even a long story that is based on the allegory of the nine gates of the city inhabited by King Puranjana.

With this metaphor we want to underline that the Self, the Atman, resides in this castle whose doors are all facing outwards, facing the stimuli that come from outside or outside are intended. This moves away from the truth and the true knowledge that Atman and its identity with Brahman.
Therefore it is said that "the Self-existent pierced the openings of the senses so that they turn forward: therefore man looks forward, not backward into himself. Some wise man, however, with his eyes closed and wishing for immortality, saw the Self behind. "And he didn’t born and died anymore.

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