By tradition the author is the sage Vyasa, he conceived the plot and he dictated it to a scibe of exception, the god Ganesh.
The date of this work is very uncertain even if it is agreed that the core of the story dates back to the fifteenth century B.C. to the third century A.D.
The structure of Mahabharata – divided into eighteen books or parva – is very complex and contains legends, anectods, poems, myths, crossed stories that revolve around the main event.
The central plot constitutes little more than one fifth of the total work.
In the Mahabharata there is everything: hate, love, sex, violence, poetry, philosophy, religion, deception, loyalty, it is said that whatever is here, is found elsewhere, but what is not here, is nowhere else.
Part of Mahabharata is the Bhagavad Gita, the Song of Blessed, a fundamental text of Hindu philosophy and religion but the Gita has its own independent life and it’s part of revelead truth, shruti.
It’s impossible to summarize the entire Mahabharata, therefore, I’ll try to make a summary of its main story: the battle between the Pandavas and the Kauravas.
Their teachers were the wise Bhishma and the master of arms Drona.